Aluminium Casting Alloy (AL - Si8Cu3Fe)

Colour Code - Red / Blue

Chemical composition

Green figures represent Euro Alloy EN 1706 AC-46500

Copper 3.0 - 4.0 2.0 - 4.0
Magnesium 0.3 Max 0.05 - 0.55 ( 0.15 - 0.55 )
Silicon 7.5 - 9.5 8.0 - 11.0
Iron 1.3 Max 1.3 ( 0.6 - 1.2 )
Manganese 0.5 Max 0.55
Nickel 0.5 Max 0.55
Zinc 3.0 Max 3.0
Lead 0.2 Max 0.35
Tin 0.2 Max 0.25
Titanium 0.2 Max 0.25 (0.2)
Aluminium Remainder Remainder

Mechanical Properties

Chill Cast Die Cast
0.2 % Proof Stress ( N/mm2)* 100 - 120 150
Tensile Stress ( N/mm2)* 180 - 220 320
Elongation ( % )* 1.5 - 4 1 - 3
Impact Resistance. Charpy (Nm) - 3.4
Brinell Hardness Number 85 85
Modulus of Elasticity (x103 N/mm2) 71 71

* The values shown are typical for chill cast bars produced to the requirements of BS 1490 or diecast 6mm diameter test bars; minimum specification requirements are in heavy type. Charpy test is for an un-notched test bar.

Strength at Elevated Temperatures.

Room temperature- tensile strength is largely maintained up to temperatures of the order of 150 C, and approximately halved at 250 C. It should be noted, however, that other factors may restrict the use of diecastings at elevated temperatures.

Physical Properties

Coefficient of thermal Expansion.
(per degree Centigrade at 20 - 30 C.)
Thermal Conductivity.
( Cal / cm2 / cm / C / sec at 20 C)
Electrical Conductivity
( % Copper Standard at 20 C)
Specific Gravity 2.79
Freezing Range (C) approx. 520 - 580

Figure for conductivity applies to Diecastings. Values are approximate and will vary with condition.


Machining practice is similar to that for other Aluminium casting alloys containing silicon. whilst there is not the tendency to drag associated with high silicon alloys such as LM6, tool wear is more rapid than in the case of alloys containing relatively small amounts of silicon. The use of carbide-tipped tools is recommended but a good finish can be obtained with high speed steels. Lower alloy steel tools may be used provided they are frequently re-ground to maintain a sharp cutting edge. A cutting lubricant and coolant should be employed.

Corrosion Resistance

Resistance to attack under normal atmospheric conditions is similar to that of alloy LM4 - fairly good. In marine atmospheres, or under other severe conditions, castings in this alloy should be protected by painting.


Anodising treatment by either the chromic or sulphuric acid process produces an anodic film of a grey colour. The surfaces of diecastings, however, are not generally suitable for decoratrve anodising.

Casting Characteristics

FLUIDITY - Although slightly less fluid than LM6 and LM2, the alloy is used successfully for castings of thin sections. PRESSURE TIGHTNESS- suitable for leak-tight castings. HOT-TEARING - Most castings may be produced in this alloy with complete absence of hot-tears. TYPICAL POURING TEMPERATURE - Pouring temperatures for diecastings depend very largely on the particular casting and the machine, and vary too widely for a typical temperature to provide useful guidance. The melt should not, however, be allowed to stand at temperatures only a little above the freezing range or the bottom of the melt may become enriched in such elements as iron and manganese.

Heat Treatment

Castings in this alloy are not heat-treated.

Applications and General Notes

LM24 is essentially a diecasting alloy. It has excellent casting characteristics and is generally a little simpler to diecast than the higher silicon-containing alloys. Die-castings in LM24 are suitable for most engineering applications and have an advantage over an alloy such as LM6 when maximum mechanical properties are required. In practice LM6 is preferred to LM24 only for diecastings in which a high resistance to corrosion is the primary requirement. An alloy of composition similar to LM24 is by far the most widely used diecasting alloy in the United States and a similar alloy has recently been adopted by the European Diecasting Committee.

For the vast majority of diecastings, the alloys LM2 and LM24 are equally suitable.